Comparison of Exposure to Risk Factors for Giardiasis Among Endemic and Travel Cases

How to Cite

Swirski, A., Pearl, D., Peregrine, A., & Pintar, K. (2016). Comparison of Exposure to Risk Factors for Giardiasis Among Endemic and Travel Cases. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 8(1).


In public health reporting, a distinction is made between Canadian-acquired and international travel-related cases, but there is no differentiation between domestic travel-related and endemic cases. The objective of this presentation is to explore how demographic and exposure factors related to giardiasis vary between travel and endemic cases, for residents of the Region of Waterloo (Ontario). We found that exposure to risk factors for giardiasis varies among domestic-travel, international-travel, and endemic cases. Consequently, a distinction should be made between these case types in developing prevention strategies.
Authors own copyright of their articles appearing in the Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. Readers may copy articles without permission of the copyright owner(s), as long as the author and OJPHI are acknowledged in the copy and the copy is used for educational, not-for-profit purposes. Share-alike: when posting copies or adaptations of the work, release the work under the same license as the original. For any other use of articles, please contact the copyright owner. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work, including uses infringing the above license. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.